"[Description of an ancient Greek painting :] Erotes are hunting down [a hare] . 15, &c.), Ancient mythology furnishes numerous instances in which Aphrodite punished those who neglected her worship or despised her power, as well as others in which she favoured and protected those who did homage to her and recognized her sway. Some traditions stated that she had sprung from the foam (aphros) of the sea, which had gathered around the mutilated parts of Uranus, that had been thrown into the sea by Kronos after he had unmanned his father. The pearl was therefore also her stone. "Venus [Aphrodite] . by desire]. Poet. There Typhon, of wh… Sumpos. 673 ff (trans. "When I hear that your mother is Kypris, my only wonder is that her cestus has left you uncharmed . 16, &c.) As she herself had sprung from the sea, she is represented by later writers as having some influence upon the sea (Virg. viii. It was also believed to work as a natural abortifaction agent. "Ouranos (the Sky) came, bringing on night and longing for love, and he lay about Gaia (the Earth) spreading himself full upon her. However she came into the world of Greek mythology, the Goddess of Love and Beauty is best known for her stunning aesthetic, but she's also a powerful, immortal deity capable of stirring up romance among gods and mortals. Great sceptre-bearer of the Gods, 'tis thine mortals in necessary bands to join; and every tribe of savage monsters dire in magic chains to bind through mad desire. Print Parin D'Aulaire, Ingri and Edgar. In her fright she abandoned her son, and was carried by Iris in the chariot of Ares to Olympus, where she complained of her misfortune to her mother Dione, but was laughed at by Hera and Athena. 383) to have married Charis. Afterwards Adonis died of a wound which he received from a boar during the chase. "Piscis, heaven's horses. De Nat. "To Aphrodite. Psyche, 1 of 3 sisters, admired for beauty more than was Venus. Greek Mythology is among the most famous and well known of the Ancient Mythologies. Aen. Jove [Zeus] chose the oak tree, while Venus [Aphrodite] preferred the myrtle tree, Phoebus [Apollon] the laurel. . 1, &c.) Marriages are called by Zeus her work and the things about which she ought to busy herself. iii. decked herself with gold . the second one [Aphrodite] even in the painting shows the 'laughter-loving' (philomeides) disposition caused by the magic of her girdle. 'Tis thine the world with harmony to join, for all things spring from thee, O power divine. (Hom. "Birds your [Ares'] consort [Aphrodite] loves . ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33. A trace of this notion seems to be contained in the tradition that in the contest of Typhon with the gods, Aphrodite metamorphosed herself into a fish, which animal was considered to possess the greatest generative powers. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 5. Aphrodite was frequently unfaithful to him and had many lovers; in the Odyssey, she is caught in the act of adultery with Ares, the god of war. It stretches back millennia and has intrigued man with its fantastical stories and unusual beasts. Since she excelled the rest in justice and uprightness, by a favour granted by Jove [Zeus], the fish were put among the number of the stars, and because of this the Syrians do not eat fish or doves, considering them as gods. Years passed, and Adonis grew into a h… 337 ff (trans. iii. 30.) "[Description of an ancient Greek painting :] The Erotes (Loves) bring [to Aphrodite] first-fruits of the apples, and gathering around they pray to her that their apple-orchard may prosper. He is often depicted as a man with the head of a lion, holding a spear, commonly called "Phobos' Spear of Panic." Poet. s.v. SWAN Usually associated with Apollon, in art, Aphrodite also occasionally appears riding on the back of a swan (in place of her usual goose). Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : The epithet Aphrodite Acidalia was occasionally added to her name, after the spring she used to bathe in, located in Boeotia (Virgil I, 720). 84c (trans. ", Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite 58 ff : Athenian Black Figure Vase Painting C6th B.C. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. i. Orphic Hymn 55 to Aphrodite (trans. Bands of Tritoni sported here and there on the waters, one softly blowing on his echoing shell, another fending off with silk parasol the heat of the hostile sun, a third holding a mirror before his mistress's face, while others, yoked in pairs to her chariot, swam below. "Kypria [Aphrodite] and soft-lidded Peitho nursed you among rose-blossoms. . 2. Source status of Aphrodite pages:- Grant that I may gain the victory in this contest, and order you my song. The Immortals of the Ancient Greek pantheon can be divided into roughly eight classes. In these points she surpassed all other goddesses, and she received the prize of beauty from Paris; she had further the power of granting beauty and invincible charms to others.  ZEUS & DIONE (Homer Iliad 5.370; Euripides Helen 1098; Apollodorus 1.13, Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.21, et al) Provided by Alexa ranking, theoi.com has ranked 33717th in United States and 101,629 on the world.theoi.com reaches roughly 31,388 users per day and delivers about 941,630 users each month. For she was clad in a robe out-shining the brightness of fire, a splendid robe of gold, enriched with all manner of needlework, which shimmered like the moon over her tender breasts, a marvel to see. in Ven. And perverted lovers have found in the hare a certain power to produce love, attempting to secure the objects of their affection by a compelling magic art.". xv. Mair) (Greek poetry C5th to 6th A.D.) : Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana. Give me loveliness and desirability, graces with which you overwhelm mortal men, and all the immortals. ", Suidas s.v. Also she wore twisted brooches and shining earrings in the form of flowers; and round her soft throat were lovely necklaces. And laughter-loving Aphrodite put on all her rich clothes . Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 197 (trans. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 41. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th to 4th B.C.) : "The author [Hephaestion] speaks of the embroidered belt [the cestus] which Hera received from Aphrodite and gave to Helene [either for the contest of the suitors or her introduction to Paris]: it was stolen by Helene's servant, Astyanassa and recovered from her by Aphrodite. When she was represented as the victorious goddess, she had the attributes of Ares, a helmet, a shield, a sword : or a lance, and an image of Victory in one hand. An inquisitive gust of air would at one moment with quite lubricous affection blow this garment aside, so that when wafted away it revealed her virgin bloom; at another moment it would wantonly breathe directly upon it, clinging tightly and vividly outlining the pleasurable prospect of her lower limbs. "Aphrodite, the daughter of Zeus stood before him [Ankhises (Anchises)], being like a pure maiden in height and mien, that he should not be frightened when he took heed of her with his eyes. Ares. Although Hades was a major ancient Greek … But with the exception of Corinth, where the worship of Aphrodite had eminently an Asiatic character, the whole worship of this goddess and all the ideas concerning her nature and character are so entirely Greek, that its introduction into Greece must be assigned to the very earliest periods. And when Zeus Highest and Mightiest saw her, the goading cestus whipt him to hotter love. Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite (trans. According to Theoi.com, which is a comprehensive database of Greek mythology, "Aphrodite, the ideal of female grace and beauty, frequently engaged the talents and genius of the ancient artists. ", Ovid, Fasti 2. 31 ff (trans. The half opened shell represented a woman's genitalia. al. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or 6th B.C.) 30 (trans. In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, the god of fire, blacksmiths and metalworking. Titan, in Greek mythology, any of the children of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth) and their descendants. Hail, sweetly-winning, coy-eyed goddess! to C1st A.D.) : Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. The Egyptian snake goddess Wadjet was asocciated with the city known to the Greeks as Aphroditopolis (the city of Aphrodite). THEOI is a very good site in itself but because it's mostly focusing on Gods and Monsters and only the most important of culture heroes, it's database is very lacking. 24. Gibbs) (Greek fable C6th B.C.) Being created from the foam of genitals must explain Aphrodite’s lean towards sex … Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 188, Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.21, Apuleius 6.6, Nonnus Dionysiaca 1.86, et al), (Homer Iliad 5.370; Euripides Helen 1098; Apollodorus 1.13, Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.21, et al). "Paphian myrtles." <>, The race of Hippomenes for Atalanta, which was won with the help of the goddess and her golden apples. ", Statius, Silvae 1. to 2nd A.D.) : 2. I have my girdle, I ply my goad, I raise my bow: even that girdle, whence women catch the sting of my desire, and travail often-times, but not unto death. 333 ff (trans. Timothy Gantz’s Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources (1993) – Gant’s book is the most scholarly, and also the densest introduction to Greek mythology. DOVE-DRAWN CHARIOT Aphrodite's jewel-encrusted, golden chariot was drawn through the sky by a team of doves. In a more roundabout way, Lamia is also the mother of dozens of other monsters. 88a (trans. Her attributes included the winged godling Eros, a mirror, cockle shell, dove, apple and myrtle wreath. (Sappho, in Ven. Ridiculous! The result was the … . of Ant. This site contains a total of 18 pages describing the goddess Aphrodite, including general descriptions, mythology, and cult. Glinting among diverse smaller plants and the most luxuriant shrubbery were some bright roses of ruddy hue . The goddess supposedly hated the creature because her lover Adonis had been gorged to death by a wild boar. The pomegranate was sacred to Aphrodite in Kypros. "Tricky-minded Aphrodite girt her body in the heart-bewitching cestus-belt, and clothing herself in the love-robe of Peitho (Persuasion). i. : Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. . APHRODITE was the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, pleasure and procreation. Both plants were connected with the birth of Adonis (in two alternate versions of the story). . Print Parin D'Aulaire, Ingri and Edgar. iv. ", For MORE information on the fish of Aphrodite see IKHTHYES. 34 (trans. 10 ff (trans. . ", For MORE information and pictures of sacred plants see FLORA OF MYTH, Aelian, On Animals 10. 10 ff (trans. . Mair) (Greek poetry C5th to 6th A.D.) : 64 : Aphrodite, ancient Greek goddess of sexual love and beauty, identified with Venus by the Romans. (Pind.  APHRODI′TE (Aphroditê), one of the great Olympian divinities, was, according to the popular and poetical notions of the Greeks, the goddess of love and beauty. (Il. There Typhon, of whom we have already spoken, suddenly appeared. (Phanocles ap. Diognetus Erythraeus says that once Venus [Aphrodite] and her son Cupid [Eros] came in Syria to the river Euphrates. 673 ff (trans. 26; Cic. i. 3 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. De Nat. According to Hesiod and the Homeric hymn on Aphrodite, the goddess after rising from the foam first approached the island of Cythera, and thence went to Cyprus, and as she was walking on the sea-coast flowers sprang up under her feet, and Eros and Himeros accompanied her to the assembly of the other great gods, all of whom were struck with admiration and love when she appeared, and her surpassing beauty made every one desire to have her for his wife. (Il. According to the cosmogonic views of the nature of Aphrodite, she was the personification of the generative powers of nature, and the mother of all living beings. Though he was often portrayed as the all-encompassing god of war, Ares traditionally represented only the most brutal, impulsive, and unrestrained aspects of combat. They looked just he part with their tiny wings, miniature arrows, and the rest of their get-up, as with gleaming torches they lit the way for their mistress as though she were en route to a wedding-banquet. Hymn. 2 ff (trans. . Ovid (Met. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. 193 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : He had a twin brother, Deimos. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 42. ", For MORE information on these Tritons see IKHTHYOKENTAUROI, Homer, Iliad 5. : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 6. x. There the moist breath of Zephyros the western wind wafted her over the waves of the loud-moaning sea in soft foam, ad there the gold-filleted Horai (Horae, Seasons) welcomed her joyously. ABOUT LAMMAS Lammas is a cross-quarter holiday halfway between the Summer Solstice (Litha) and the Autumn Equinox (Mabon). The planet Venus and the spring-month of April were likewise sacred to her. v. 318, &c.; comp. The most celebrated representations of her were those of Cos and Cnidus. Il. to C1st A.D.) : Aesop, Fables 205 (from Phaedrus 3. Her children, the Erotes, also played a role in Greek mythology when they stirred up passions in both mankind and gods. 190; compare Anadyomene.) . : Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. (2) Aphrodite Loves: Nerites (boy transformed into a shellfish), Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. Amor [Eros, love] harnesses them, and seated on the jewelled car bears his mother rejoicing through the clouds. The most celebrated representations of her were those of … 88 ff : (Paus. Image: Via theoi.com Aphrodite Via theoi.com. For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods." 333 ff : As irony would have it, Aphrodite happened to walk by this myrrh tree at this exact moment. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 13. See also Sacred Animals: Shellfish above. 396 ff (trans. The Sanctuary of Aphrodite Paphia was a sanctuary in ancient Paphos on Cyprus dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite. The mythology of the ancient Greeks included a dazzling array of deities, demigods, monsters, and heroes. [later she revealed her true divine height and mien] and her head reached to the well-hewn roof-tree; from her cheeks shone unearthly beauty such as belongs to rich-crowned Kythereia (Cytherea). "[The statue of Nemesis at Rhamnousos was] modelled on the appearance of Aphrodite; that is why she held a sprig from an apple-tree. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : . Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Real world location: San Francisco, California, USA. "Soon Harmonia yoked by the cestus-girdle [of Aphrodite] that guides wedded desire, carried in her womb the seed of many children whom she brought forth soon one by one. "Let us mix the Erotes' rose with Dionysos : let us fasten on our brows the rose with its lovely petals and drink, laughing gently. Wikipedia itself has a better database than THEOI. It also seems axiomatic, apart from miraculous intervention, that the living representative of a cult image could be none but the chief priestess. On his death Adonis was obliged to descend into the lower world, but he was allowed to spend six months out of every year with his beloved Aphrodite in the upper world. "About her hair she twined that herb of passion [the myrtle] which Kythereia [Aphrodite] loves as much as the rose, as much as the anemone. . . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : 416; Tacit. . She saved Paris from his contest with Menelaus (Il. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) "I will sing of stately Aphrodite, gold-crowned and beautiful, whose dominion is the walled cities of all sea-set Kypros (Cyprus). They clothed her with heavenly garments: on her head they put a fine, well-wrought crown of gold, and in her pierced ears they hung ornaments of orichalc and precious gold, and adorned her with golden necklaces over her soft neck and snow-white breasts, jewels which the gold-filleted Horai wear themselves. In some places, as at Corinth, great numbers of females belonged to her, who prostituted themselves in her service, and bore the name of hierodouloi. pierced with holes. These figures inhabited a realm that stretched beyond the Greek landscape to the palaces of the gods on snow-capped Mount Olympus, as well as to the dismal underworld. Hetairai.) 23. Hephaest. She had a minimum of 5 children with him, more or less depending on the time of the myths written and if it comes from Greek or latin. . Etymologically, the word nymph is related to the Greek word for bride. Hence timid Syrians think it wrong to serve up this species; they defile no mouths with fish. ad Apollon. Dionys. "[Aphrodite addresses the Kharis Pasithea :] ‘Has Eros perhaps flicked you also with the cestus, like Eos (the Dawn) once before?’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 42. (Paus. : Homeric Hymn 6 to Aphrodite (trans. Com. Campbell, Vol. Plut. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : Campbell, Vol. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33. Youth is the herald, and Peitho, the Horae, and Charites, the attendants and companions of Aphrodite. iii. "Seeks she [Hera] Venus' [Aphrodite's] bower and the garlands ever fresh that deck her abode. Analysis of the texts and interpretation of the stories of myth is currently beyond the scope of the project. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. 55. [She] called aside Aphrodite to come away from the rest of the gods, and spoke a word to her : ‘. : Homer, Iliad 14. This was accomplished, and Aphrodite conceived an invincible passion for Anchises, by whom she became the mother of Aeneas and Lyrus. ", Suidas s.v. ad Pind. 14. As a goddess, Astarte held dominion not only over love, but also heaven and war. ", Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 8 (trans. The magical girdle of Aphrodite had the power to inspire the passion of desire. His Roman counterpart is Timor, or Timorus. (Cie. de Nat. Doves were said to draw her heavenly chariot, and the Syrian Aphrodite Ashtarte was said to have been hatched from an egg nursed by doves. (Dict.of Ant. 7), Theocritus (Idyll. As Zeus looked upon her his eyes were enslaved. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : . Greek mythology does not just tell the stories of gods and goddesses, however. Treasury of Greek Mythology . Together they are known as the Charities in Greek mythology or the Gratiae (Graces) in Roman mythology, and they were responsible for overseeing all feasts and dances. "Then she [Venus-Aphrodite] made for the nearest shore lapped by the waves. Adonis was the mortal lover of the goddess Aphrodite in Greek mythology.In Ovid's first-century AD telling of the myth, he was conceived after Aphrodite cursed his mother Myrrha to lust after her own father, King Cinyras of Cyprus.Myrrha had sex with her father in complete darkness for nine nights, but he discovered her identity and chased her with a sword. A third story related that Dionysus carried off Adonis. All the surnames and epithets given to Aphrodite are derived from places of her worship, from events connected with the legends about her, or have reference to her character and her influence upon man, or are descriptive of her extraordinary beauty and charms. They have been written by experienced Greek language teachers in the simplest possible language and are accompanied by related exercises. 36 ff (trans. Paestan Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. Partially or not quoted (Greek): Pindar, Greek Lyric (Fragments), Greek Elegaic (Fragments), Apollonius Rhodius, Diodorus Siculus, Antoninus Liberalis, Euripides, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Aristophanes, Plato, Theocritus, Lycophron, Plutarch, Philostratus & Callistratus, Oppian, Colluthus, Tryphiodorus, et. 380; Theocrit. ", For the MYTH of the death of Adonis see Aphrodite Loves: Adonis. ", Apuleius, The Golden Ass 2. "The rose and the myrtle are sacred to Aphrodite and connected with the story of Adonis. . 458 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. (Schol. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : 18; Ptolem. Pyth. . ", Apuleius, The Golden Ass 4. . x. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. The sacrifice was probably to assuage her grief for the loss of Adonis, who was slain by a wild pig. Ourania (Urania) (Heavenly), illustrious, laughter-loving (philommeideia) queen, sea-born (pontogenes), night-loving (philopannyx), of awful mien; crafty, from whom Ananke (Necessity) first came, producing, nightly, all-connecting dame. Gibbs) (Greek fable C6th B.C.) Rhamnousia Nemesis (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : The domain theoi.com uses a Commercial suffix and it's server(s) are located in US with the IP number 18.104.22.168 and it is a .com. This page describes the goddess' attributes, estate, and sacred plants and animals. 9, 32.) ", Ibycus, Fragment 288 (trans. As they strutted gaily forward, turning their dappled necks from side to side. 30 ff (trans. 7 : Virgil, Georgics 1.27 ff (trans. Rhod. Adônia, Anagôgia, Aphrodisia, Katagôgia. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 34 (trans. Come, Kyprogenes (Cyprus-Born), and to my prayer incline, whether exalted in the heavens you shine, or pleased in odorous Syria to preside, or over the Aigyptian (Egyptian) plains they care to guide, fashioned of gold; and near its sacred flood, fertile and famed, to fix they blest abode; or if rejoicing in the azure shores, near where the sea with foaming billows roars, the circling choirs of mortals thy delight, or beauteous Nymphai (Nymphs) with eyes cerulean bright, pleased by the sandy banks renowned of old, to drive thy rapid two-yoked car of gold; or if in Kypros (Cyprus) thy famed mother fair, where Nymphai unmarried praise thee every year, the loveliest Nymphai, who in the chorus join, Adonis pure to sing, and thee divine. The thinning motion of his file had made the metal gleam; the coach's value was measured by the gold it had lost. : Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 6 (from Athenaeus 15. They say that you and your brother (for your stars gleam together) ferried two gods on your backs. Occasionally her eyes alone would dance, as at one moment she gently lowered her lids, and at another imperiously signalled with threatening glances. ", Homeric Hymn 6 to Aphrodite (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 9. 51 (trans. The principal places of her worship in Greece were the islands of Cyprus and Cythera. (Hesiod. 708 ff (trans. The elements were derived from the East, but the peculiar development of it belongs to Greece. Aphrodite Greek goddess of love, beauty, sexual pleasure, and fertility in the Greek culture. ", Apuleius, The Golden Ass 6. As Aphrodite so often kindled in the hearts of the gods a love for mortals, Zeus at last resolved to make her pay for her wanton sport by inspiring her too with love for a mortal man. Perseus Project. x. She also held some domain over merriment, pleasure, love poems, and the star Venus. Theog. Adonis grew up a most beautiful youth, and Venus loved him and shared with him the pleasures of the chase, though she always cautioned him against the wild beasts. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) : She is with him in many stories, paintings, and visual representations. In conclusion, Aphrodite and Poseidon are similar because they had a lot of children. Aphrodite was so much charmed with the beauty of the infant, that she concealed it in a chest which she entrusted to Persephone; but when the latter discovered the treasure she had in her keeping, she refused to give it up. 440; Schol. "The Horai (Horae, Seasons) clothed her [Aphrodite] with heavenly garments: on her head they put a fine, well-wrought crown of gold, and in her pierced ears they hung ornaments of orichalc and precious gold, and adorned her with golden necklaces over her soft neck and snow-white breasts, jewels which the gold-filleted Horai wear themselves. 30 : and the gods concealed themselves in spurious shapes . Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. All text and images on this site are copyright 1993-2020 Mythweb. 32. D'Aulaires' Book of Greek Myhtology . <>, The persecution of Psykhe (Psyche), the maiden loved by the goddess' son Eros. ", The Anacreontea, Fragment 44 : Greco-Roman Pompeii Wall Fresco C1st A.D. Greco-Roman Zeugma Floor Mosaic C2nd A.D. Greco-Roman Bulla Regia Floor Mosaic A.D. Greco-Roman Le Fahs Floor Mosaic C4th A.D. Greco-Roman Antioch Floor Mosaic C2nd A.D. Greek Bas-Relief Ludovisi Throne C5th B.C. <>. but there is no shooting of arrows at the hare, since they are trying to catch it alive as an offering most pleasing to Aphrodite. 8 ff (trans. TRITON-DRAWN CHARIOT Aphrodite was a goddess of the sea as well as the heavens, and according to one author, she possessed a sea-going chariot drawn by fish-tailed Tritones. They were appeasing the goddess by strewing wreaths and single blossoms before her, and they formed a most elegant chorus-line as they sought to please the Mistress of pleasures with the foliage of spring. Aesop, Fables 205 (from Phaedrus 3. 300, &c.) adds the following features: Myrrha's love of her father was excited by the furies; Lucina assisted her when she gave birth to Adonis, and the Naiads anointed him with the tears of his mother, i. e. with the fluid which trickled from the tree. They took their mistress aboard and delightedly mounted upwards. In Greek mythology, Ares is her main love interest. xiv. From the blood that spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the Erinyes (the avenging Furies), the Meliae (the ash-tree nymphs), and, according to some, the Telchines. She spoke, and from her breasts unbound the elaborate, pattern-pierced zone (himas), and on it are figured all beguilement (philotes), and loveliness is figured upon it, and passion of sex (himeros) is there, and the whispered endearment (oaristos) that steals the heart away even from the thoughtful. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Apuleius, The Golden Ass 6. "[Aphrodite addresses Eros :] ‘Honour my bridesmaid bird of love [the dove] and yours, the herald of lifelong wedding and happy hearts!’", See also Dove-Drawn Chariot of Aphrodite (this page), Aelian, On Animals 10. Astron. . LETTUCE The lettuce was said to have been sacred to Aphrodite, for she lay the dead body of Adonis in a bed of these plants. 10. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 5. Shellfish were regarded as sacred to Aphrodite from the cockle-shell (in which she is depicted floating at her birth) to the mussel, clam and . Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) : Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Apuleius, The Golden Ass 4. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : They [Hera and Athene] entered the courtyard and paused below the veranda of the room where the goddess slept with her lord and master. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. The myth of Perseus and Medusa is one of the best thriller-like tales in Greek Mythology.. With a promising plot that gets more complicated as the story progresses, this myth has a typical Hollywood-like scenario with the main character not being born yet at the moment when his destiny was determined. 682) (trans. The goddess Hestia (listed here in the second rank) was sometimes included amongst the Twelve. "Obey the cestus girdle born with Paphia [Aphrodite]! The Theoi Project galleries contain more than 1,200 images of ancient Greek and Roman art. i. "[At the contest of the goddesses for the golden apple :] Kypris [Aphrodite] lifted up her deep-bosomed robe and bared her breast to the air and had no shame. Diognetus Erythraeus says that once Venus [Aphrodite] and her son Cupid [Eros] came in Syria to the river Euphrates [when Typhon attacked Olympos]. Located where the legendary birth of Aphrodite took place, it has been referred to as the main sanctuary of Aphrodite, and was a place of pilgrimages in the ancient world for centuries. As for the male, he not only begets offspring in the way natural to males, but also himself bears young, contrary to nature. National Geographic Socioty, 2011. Together they presided over every aspect of human life. She is a version of the goddess Ashtart, also called Astarte, Ishtar, Isis, and a number of other variants, when she appears in different places around the Mediterranean and throughout the Middle East. ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 6 (from Athenaeus 15. [Urania; Pandemos.] Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 8 (trans. The Greek goddess of love, passion and procreation, sensual Aphrodite was the wellspring of homosexual and heterosexual erotic desire, generously nurturing and passionately destructive. Virginity ( for example, in Argos and Kypros at least, were. Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13 sky, reached the Laurentian coast pleasure and procreation (... Roughly eight classes the famous poet Sappho was thought to be her priestess replied ironically, Yes! To have sprung from the genitals in the second rank ) was one of Project... Syria to the goddess of love, passion and procreation, dove, apple, dove and goose,,. 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