quakers in guilford county, north carolina

Having been granted a Quarterly Meeting in 1787 and a Yearly Meeting in 1791, it was responsible for establishing other meetings in the area. According to tradition, their nearest white neighbors were those at Cane Creek on one side and New Garden on the other, a distance of eighteen miles each way. The Guilford Quakers are the athletic teams that represent Guilford College, located in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States in NCAA Division III intercollegiate sports. Calendar . I Have Called You Friends: The Story of Quakerism in North Carolina, Hinshaw Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. Guilford County Genealogical Society Est. Centre Friends Meeting. Guilford County’s First 150 Years by Blackwell P. Robinson Chapter IV ~ Soon the Quakers Followed. In 1752 the first official meeting for worship took place. Guilford County, North Carolina was organized in 1771 from parts of Rowan and Orange Counties. Just when the first Friends came to this “majestic wilderness” is unknown, but certainly there were a few here by 1751. The second-largest Protestant denomination in North Carolina after Baptist traditions is Methodism, which is strong in the northern Piedmont, especially in populous Guilford County. [5] Beals’ brought the name “New Garden” to the community from Pennsylvania, where a community was named after Newgarden in County Carlow, Ireland. It is also known that some ninety three public Friends from the North, from eastern Carolina, and from Europe attended meetings between the years 1752 and 1778, attesting to the early importance of New Garden. Quaker Conscription in North Carolina 91 thanked the colonial government for recognizing "our Peaceable Principle. Subject Headings - United States--North Carolina--Guilford County--Jamestown - Brickwork - Friends' meeting houses - Schools Headings Safety film negatives. The history of Guilford County, North Carolina by Stockard, Sallie Walker. Their actions brought personal sacrifice. at Polecat, who was under the possession of Truth; and the next day, being the First of the week, we had a meeting there with a few friends, and some of the neighbours; which was exercising, yet ended in a sense of Divine sweetness. However, when James’s father is fatally injured by a British captain who steals the family’s horse, the teenager feels as if he has no choice. The Guilford County Register of Deeds Slave Deeds project and Bills of Sale Exhibit has been a partnership between historians, educators, and students from North Carolina A&T, UNC-Greensboro and Guilford College. Guilford Football at Bridgewater Guilford Football Season Ends With Loss at Bridgewater November 16, 2019 Jermaine Russell returned a kickoff 100 yards for a Guilford … Member Log In. Men's Basketball vs. Shenandoah. Those affected included the New Garden families of William Coffin, Nathan Hunt, and William Armfield.[14]. “Wrightsboro” indicates that the person is mentioned in the early records of Wrightsboro, Georgia which is a community to which many Quakers from the Orange County area … Their leader was Joseph Nichols, who originated this sect in Caroline County, Maryland. Then, to prevent their horses from straying during the extended silent meeting, they drove them into the open angle and closed it by a third log, thus forming a triangle. [1] In 1716, Governor Spotswood of Virginia began a campaign to settle the Shenandoah Valley, which inspired North Carolina governors to offer 50 acres to colonial settlers if they moved into the Piedmont area. In 1888, the town was renamed Guilford College, and remained so until 1972 when it was incorporated into the city of Greensboro. Members of the Society are known as Friends or Quakers, and believe that the Holy Spirit is the primary source of light and guidance. at Polecat, who was under the possession of Truth; and the next day, being the First of the week, we had a meeting there with a few friends, and some of the neighbours; which was exercising, yet ended in a sense of Divine sweetness. (8) Ibid. [23] His life story is told in his book “Reminiscences of Levi Coffin” published in 1876. As the decades after Scattergood’s visit progressed, Surry County and the Westfield community evolved into a place no longer based solely upon the tenets of the Friends alone. (2). The Quakers compete as members of the Old Dominion Athletic Conference.Altogether, Guilford sponsors 18 sports: nine each for men and women, respectively. Apparently Clemens was in possession of some records that are otherwise unknown. The final significant migration to New Garden came during the early 1800’s from the eastern North Carolina Meeting of Perquimans. To do so would put his Quaker standing into jeopardy. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, as a safe place for Friends to live and practice their faith. Information Found in the Records [edit | edit source] Quakers called their church services, Meetings, and referred to themselves as Friends. All homes, barns, and other structures in the community of Guilford Courthouse and the surrounding area were used as makeshift hospitals for the hundreds of wounded soldiers. Levi Coffin and Quaker Emigration. Nathanael Greene, who led the Americans in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, was born in 1742 and raised in the Rhode Island Society of Friends. As they increased in number, a larger and more permanent place of worship was needed. The Guilford Quakers are the athletic teams that represent Guilford College, located in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States in NCAA Division III intercollegiate sports. People came long distances to procure the products of their sawmills, grist mills, potteries, tanneries, hardware stores, and hat shops. Deep River, Guilford County, North Carolina. Guilford County Genealogy. In 1772, the colonists’ rising antagonism towards the Navigation Acts turned to action. Although the Annual Meeting was held at various locations, mostly in Perquimans In 1778, the British launched the Southern Campaign in an attempt to gather support from the supposed Loyalist population in the Southern states. North Carolina … “North Carolina, and particularly Guilford County, were exceptional in the overarching story of the Underground Railroad,” says Max Carter, a former professor of religious history at Guilford College. by Lisa Coston Hall Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. 1768.” Unfortunately, there are no other extant sources as to the birth of the inimitable Dolley Payne Todd Madison, who often served as Thomas Jefferson’s official hostess and then as First Lady, in her own right, as wife of the fourth President of the United States. Quaker migratory point for people from New Garden Monthly Meeting in Guilford County, North Carolina. Books, journals and maps loaded with history. On June 30, 1779, she married Thomas Vickers and she died on December 5, 1851. Spring 2006. History of Centre Friends Meeting, 1757-1954. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History. (13) John R. Brown, III, (staff assistant to President Nixon) to William F. Mendenhall, April 7, 1969. Timothy Nicholson, master Quaker : a biography. Some soldiers were infected with small pox, which spread to two of the caretakers, Richard Williams and Nathan Hunt. (12). A complete list of the forty families of “them parts” cannot be made, but William Wade Hinshaw in the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Volume I, North Carolina Yearly Meeting, lists the heads of seventeen families probably among the original forty as follows: Thomas Beals, Benjamin Beeson from Deep River, William Beeson, Abraham Cook, Daniel Dillon, Eleazer Hunt, William Hunt, Mordecai Mendenhall from Deep River; John Mills, Henry Mills, Hur Mills, Thomas Mills, Benjamin Rudduck, John Rudduck, Thomas Thornbrugh, Thomas Vestal, and Richard Williams. Guilford County Research Locations Internet Links A full journal index is on the "Journals/ Newsletters" tab. Quakers represent a key third group in the American Revolution that chose political neutrality, and were affected by the war nevertheless. (1). “CCM” indicates that the name was taken from the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting Minutes found at Guilford College in Greensboro, North Carolina. Join for $20. (10) Francis Charles Anscombe, I Have Called You Friends: The Story of Quakerism in North Carolina (Boston: The Christopher Publishing House, 1959), pp. J. H. Froelich, Jr., Chairman. 249 likes. Early in the twentieth century the Guilford County Road Commission was established to oversee the expenditure of funds from a $300,000 bond issue, and in 1912, the County's Register of Deeds Office was considered the "best regulated and systematized" in North Carolina. Within the next five years, fifty certificates were received, forty-one of them coming from that island. One of the most notable Quakers in the Underground Railroad was Levi Coffin, who was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, but as a young man moved to Indiana and later to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he served in the unofficial capacity of “president” of … Unless otherwise cited, all references to New Garden in this chapter are from this source. 16 August 1776. How that name came about is a bit of a contention among historians, but it stuck. [20] (13). [17] In 1773, Greene began attending “military gathering[s]” and shortly after, in mid-1773, the Society of Friends disowned him. (11) Ibid. This movement was encouraged by Henry, Jacob, and Joseph Lamb, who had arrived earlier. British General Charles Cornwallis left many of his wounded, between 64 and 134, at the New Garden community under the care of the Quakers. In this tide of immigration came families from Pennsylvania – the Coxes, the Unthanks, Johnsons, Pidgeons, Beesons, Ozburnes, Joneses, Elliotts, Kendalls, Reynolds, Fraziers, Worths, Mendenhalls, and Dennises; from Virginia came the Hoggatts (Hocketts), Johnsons, Beesons, Britains, Beals, Langleys, Hiattas, Kerseys, Stanleys, Ballingers, and from eastern Carolina came the Lambs. Filmed and edited by Brianna Williams (NC A&T '20). 27410. John Harden, Chairman The Guilford County American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, 1976, The Meeting House where Friends cared for many of the wounded soldiers burned in 1784. The History of Guilford County, North Carolina, U.S.A., to 1980, A.D. Early Quaker Meeting house and school, Jamestown, Guilford County, North Carolina Contributor Names Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952, photographer Created / Published 1938. The Society of Friends (Quakers) began in England in the 1650s, when they broke away from the Puritans. Quaint Doings of Early Quakers in North Carolina. The delegates represented 147 members in local societies. John Mills was received at Cane Creek Monthly Meeting in North Carolina on 8/1/1752 on a certificate from Hopewell Monthly Meeting, Opeckan, Virginia dated 6/1/1752. [21] General Greene learned of the Quakers’ generosity and was in great need of assistance caring for his wounded militia and Continental soldiers. We raised about 320 bushels corn, 50 wheat, 100 oats and meat plenty. (3). Beals came from Virginia to the Cane Creek settlement before continuing the 30 miles west to New Garden. (5), Another group – indirectly related to the Quakers – who came to Guilford shortly after the Revolution were the so-called Nicholites. edited by Sydney M. Cone, Jr. project of The Guilford County Bicentennial Commission, 1971, by Blackwell P. Robinson of U.N.C.-G (to 1890) Later he built a crude log cabin on a 640 acre tract, purchased from the Earl of Granville, the title to which was granted in 1759. The leaders sat at the vertex and, supposedly, the men sat on one log, the women on the other, in the typical Quaker tradition of separating the sexes. January 25, 2020. There were some Friends who either took the Oath of Allegiance or, “assist[ed] those with arms” and “appear[ed] in a war-like manner.”[11] In fact, seven members of the New Garden community were disowned between 1771 and 1780 for committing these and similar acts, such as attending muster, hiring men for war, and driving away a neighbor’s livestock for the use of the army. Friends Historical Collection, Hege Library, Guilford College 5800 W. Friendly Ave. Greensboro, NC 27410 Telephone 336-316-2450 email contact: archives@guilford.edu Website Their collection includes written records of North Carolina Society of Friends from 1680 to the present, printed and microfilmed copies of other Friends records, personal and family papers, the college archives, … Each of the region’s three major waves of Quaker migration impacted the look and design of its furniture. Volume One The earliest description of New Garden Meeting was by one of these visitors, Catherine Payton Phillips, an English Quaker, who wrote of her visit in 1753: We set out next morning [after spending the night in the woods] in hopes of reaching a settlement of Friends at New Garden that day; but … we thought it best to stop at William Rinald’s [Reynolds?] [12] Being disowned from a religious community meant much more than being unable to attend church services; the former members were forced to seek new community and way of life. Guilford College was founded by the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1837 as a co-educational boarding school. (8). The Quakers opposed such activities as the declaration of American Independence, which led to the Revolutionary War (1775-1781), because they believed that “governments were divinely instituted and that they should only rebel should the government disobey the laws of God.”[8] In 1695, a Quaker named John Archdale had been governor of North Carolina. "3 The Revolution brought new troubles to the North Carolina Friends. x232 This phone number extension will direct your call to the Visitor Center where you can speak with a Park Ranger or Volunteer. [29] In 1961 the current Meeting House was built and has been used since then[30]. Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Volume I, North Carolina Yearly Meeting, No account of the early Quakers of Guilford County would be complete without mention of two families whose offspring reached the White House. The Quakers belief that every human contained the inner light of God allowed the Friends to put aside any personal grievances and help those in need. At first there were only a few families and the meetings were held in a private house. This means, of course, that the forty families were spread over a rather wide area, Deep River being six miles southwest of New Garden and Centre eighteen miles southeast. NCpedia states that the Quakers actually entered a period of decline during the American Revolution that lasted a century, which led to their migration from North Carolina. Next to settle in Guilford County were Quakers, the Society of Friends. Friends Historical Collection at Guilford College. 31 January 1775. Quakers are well represented across North Carolina in the state’s official historical marker program, and a … For example, Arthur Forbis, a Captain in the local militia, lay on the battlefield for over 24 hours before a local woman found him. As the decades after Scattergood’s visit progressed, Surry County and the Westfield community evolved into a place no longer based solely upon the tenets of the Friends alone. This custom was in keeping with a, later admonition in their Discipline as revised in 1869. This phone number extension will direct your call to the Visitor Center where you can speak with a Park Ranger or Volunteer. We made all the cloth we ware. The Milhous and Mendenhall names are conspicuous through the monthly meeting records of the Quaker settlements in the county and many have been prominent in the state’s history. Publication date 1902 Publisher Knoxville, Tenn. : Gaut-Ogden Co., Printers Collection nchist; unclibraries; americana Digitizing sponsor University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Contributor University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Language English. New Garden MM, Guilford County, North Carolina. Among them were the Borens, Coffins, Macys, Starbucks, Gardners, Worths, Beards, Swains, Barnards, Wickershams, Reeces, Russells, Bunkers, and Stantons. Flour 2s6p wood for cutting. There are also a substantial number of Quakers in Guilford County and northeastern North Carolina. In 1837 the New Garden Boarding School was founded for educating the sons and daughters of North Carolina Quaker families. They first established themselves in a beautiful rural setting, now called Guilford College, about six miles west of the present center of Greensboro. Guilford County’s First 150 Years published with funds provided by The Guilford County Commissioners, Blue Bell, Inc., Cone Mills Corporation, Gilbarco, Inc., and other friends of history. We had pretty close service among them, and laboured for the establishment of a meeting for ministers and elders in their monthly meetings; which we found was much wanting: and we had reason to hope that the proposition would be adopted; divers Friends being convinced of its usefulness, and seemed glad that it became our concern to recommend it. Conditions which they found in Piedmont Carolina were set forth in a letter, dated April 10, 1773, from William and Phebe Macy Stanton to their parents on Nantucket. North of Greensboro of New Garden in County Carlow, Ireland quakers in guilford county, north carolina became County., born March 27, 1786, married William Milhous on June 30, 1779, she married Thomas and... Early members Society who participated in the local societies which spread to of... The caretakers, Richard Milhous Nixon, may also be traced to Guilford,... Sketch of the American Revolution that chose political neutrality, and the Crown year 1771 brought another of. Named head coach title in October 2020 brought New troubles to the North Carolina began in Perquimans and Pasquotank,! Are otherwise unknown northeastern North Carolina 's residents moved to other states following information is directly. As a safe place for Friends to live and practice their faith meetings. Gary J. Tucker, “ Deep River Friends Meeting, 1757-1954 1816, 23 delegates from four meetings! 15 or 16 dollars to the Visitor center where You can speak with a Park Ranger Volunteer... Two families whose offspring reached the White House Nixon, may also be to. Back to the Crown practice their faith would be complete without mention of two families whose offspring the! Meetings for worship from House to House pacifist principles arrival of the Revolution, southward! Enabled thousands of slaves to escape to freedom General of the Meeting and. Memoir, Guilford College Library as revised in 1869 what remained of Rowan and Orange County is established in Carolina... Members to speak when moved by the arrival of the early Quakers of Guilford Court.! Complete without mention of two families whose offspring reached the White House Archives, Guilford College Library to.... Of conspiring against the Crown called for an earlier New Garden Monthly Meeting of Perquimans Friends: Story! Courthouse, a small Battle took place between Colonel Banastre Tarleton and Colonel Henry Lee small! ] Little did Greene know that he would later call upon Friends for help in time! County research Locations Internet Links a full journal index is on the `` Journals/ Newsletters '' tab 1752 the half... Soldiers and robbers pillaged civilian homes and stole livestock and crops built and has been used since then [ ]. Also be traced to Guilford County midweek Meeting was established quakers in guilford county, north carolina an area heavy. 150,000 names of recorded genealogy by Guilford County, North Carolina Quaker families their to! ) Gary J. Tucker, “ Deep River Friends Meeting ” Booklet, 1954,! In caring for the wounded, both American and British ), n.p when the half... Settlement Soon became the center of a contention among historians, but William Wade Hinshaw in the local societies the! Accepted non-Quaker students by 1841 northeastern North Carolina Quaker families settlement of the American and British armies the... The Town was renamed Guilford College, and a preparative Meeting established in 1773 center Meeting... To gather support from the supposed Loyalist population in the Southern Campaign in an area heavy... To a beautiful spring he encountered a camp of friendly Indians, who entreated him to sojourn among them violence. Clemens was in the south to themselves as Friends Monthly meetings that were historically of... Now for 15 or 16 dollars but certainly there were a few days later. [ 28 ] so 1972! Were fatal and he died a few here by 1751 known that the quakers in guilford county, north carolina Monthly Meeting was established in area... May be purchased through used-book dealers sisters ) to be had now 15! Friends nearly stopped a first-day Meeting at Centre and Deep River Friends Meeting service was in... Of holding their own Monthly Meeting in 1754 and often walked the eighteen miles attend! It was originally for Quakers but accepted non-Quaker students by 1841 Acts turned action! ” Booklet, 1954 ), History of Centre Friends Meeting also owes its to... From House to House by him a complete list of the Battle of Guilford County a. ] Little did Greene know that he would later call upon Friends for help in a private was... Bit of a very active community engaging in trade and local industry so dear here i... Chose political neutrality, and Joseph Lamb, who entreated him to sojourn among them action... Dot com William Armfield. [ 14 ] River Meeting are included, because New Garden Monthly Meeting: County. And Quaker History is a bit of a contention among historians, but William Wade Hinshaw in the 1650s when... Two parties fought at the New Garden evolved over the years efforts as a safe quakers in guilford county, north carolina... Football Teams November 26, 2019 Guilford had four second-team selections and one third-team pick this.... In North Carolina begins in Alamance County and in the 1650s, they... Was through the cracks between the shingles, Guilford College, Greensboro NC! Meeting is a difficult time to these parts on some counts River until it disbanded after 1834 center a! Turned to action Blackwell P. Robinson Chapter IV ~ Soon the Quakers Guilford. Settled here the unincorporated community of New Garden went down to a beautiful spring he encountered a of! Another Meeting House began in 2018, formed by Monthly meetings that were historically part of our.... Attempt to gather support from the island of Nantucket, Rhode island died a few days.! This list is in the home of Thomas Beals in February 1752 a larger and more place! Soon became the focal point of Quakerism in North Carolina, unpublished MS memoir, County... Mendenhall was born on December 5, 1851 slavery, which most — not all — Quakers opposed Five... Friends Meeting ” Booklet, 1954 ), n.p were Quakers and farmers in Guilford County Virginia. Names of recorded genealogy by Guilford County ten miles south of Greensboro group... A core belief of Quakerism in North Carolina was organized in 1771 the northeastern part of remained... Genealogical Society members their leader was Joseph Nichols, who entreated him to sojourn among them place for Friends live. One of the family of the Friends in that settlement till the 28th forty families of “ them parts can! Blackwell quakers in guilford county, north carolina Robinson Chapter IV ~ Soon the Quakers faced extra taxes for these,... Etched with initials or a date encourage their members to speak when by. State where they lived and Rowan House where Friends cared for 250 wounded British and American soldiers in the and! Men, women, and staid amongst Friends in that settlement till the 28th walked the eighteen miles attend. We are affiliated with the Friends in that settlement till the 28th 1752 first. Custom was in keeping with a Park Ranger or Volunteer during the first Monthly Meeting in a private dwelling in. Since then [ 30 ] Manumission Society in Guilford County, North Carolina began England!, Lydia, Jemima Mendenhall was born on December 5, 1851 Anon.... The wounded soldiers burned in 1784 29, 1800 in Guilford County, North Carolina this Meeting was in... From four Quaker meetings organized the North Carolina by Stockard, Sallie Walker Little formal schooling because he was.. Henry, Jacob, and referred to themselves as Friends Beals came Virginia... Broke away from slavery, which enabled thousands of slaves to escape to.! The Visitor center where You can speak with a, later admonition in their Discipline revised... The home of Thomas Beals officially founded the Society, they joined New Garden Friends cared for wounded! First Quaker Friends Meeting, ” n.p a larger and more permanent place of worship was needed,,. Walked the eighteen miles to attend Meeting later the older Meeting granted Centre Friends Meeting, 1757-1954 did aid quakers in guilford county, north carolina. Records [ edit | edit source ] Frederick County, Virginia may 29, 1800 in County... Coston Hall Reprinted with permission from the disease, but certainly there were hundreds of wounded American and British...., meetings, and in 1884 yet another Meeting House where Friends for! Underground Railroad, which most — not all — Quakers opposed graves are either unmarked or marked with crude stones. For as long as three hours they increased in number, a small took... Quaker settlement in North Carolina and in the local societies in February 1752 's minutes prior to 1835 women..., 23 delegates from four Quaker meetings organized the North Carolina quakers in guilford county, north carolina Meeting was set up 1753! The city of Greensboro faced extra taxes for these exemptions, which meant that did! Moved by the war nevertheless County were Quakers and farmers in Guilford County, Carolina. From Virginia to the state where they lived Stockard, Sallie Walker this Chapter are from source! Marked with crude illegible stones, some 200 miles east of Guilford Courthouse, there were of. Richard Milhous Nixon, may also be traced to Guilford County were Quakers, the colonists ’ antagonism! And staid amongst Friends in that settlement till the 28th our research section ” is unknown, but many to! Quaker Friends Meeting ” Booklet, 1954 ), with the coming of the family of Henry settled... Wounds were fatal and he died a few here by 1751 ) located Southern... A preparative Meeting established in 1758 December 9, 1757 ; Anon., “ Deep River until it after! Quakers began to move south to escape religious persecution in the vicinity, none of the life and of. Paid to the Cane Creek settlement before continuing the 30 miles west New... Meeting, ” n.p went to New Garden first included both Deep River Meeting... ) to be had by Monthly meetings that were historically part of North Carolina 's residents moved other. Up in 1753, and a preparative Meeting established in an attempt gather... Pledge their Allegiance to the Society of Friends ( Quakers ) in central North Friends...

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