Her four brothers provided the music, playing the drums, the violin, and traditional Uighur instruments such as the dutar and the tämbur. In fact, like other Sephardim, they spoke a centuries-old variant of Spanish known as Ladino, which uses Hebrew script. “Spain speaks on behalf of them as part of the Spanish empire … Israel speaks on behalf of Jews because of their Jewishness. WarnerMediaâs decision to put all of its 2021 films on HBO Max is a shortsighted decision that will have major repercussions. “A lot of people feel this sort of strange, sometimes contradictory set of feelings about wanting to celebrate, but wondering, Is it appropriate?”. “If a language and culture are inherited by an enough number of children,” Hendan said, “it won’t be in danger.”, Language alone may not guarantee the culture’s continued survival, though. email@example.com . firstname.lastname@example.org . Three years later, she traveled to Britain for a master’s degree and eventually moved to London, where she met other Uighurs and musicians with whom she would form the London Uyghur Ensemble, which has toured Britain, Europe, the U.S., and Canada. “We were just invisible,” Naar said. email@example.com . Etles silks, the traditional Uighur cloth from which the restaurant gets its name, are laid across every table. As a father of three, he said he sees it as his responsibility to ensure that his children are able to speak Uighur. Culture Want to work for Virgin Atlantic? Works of art from the fifteenth to the early nineteenth century visualize a world drawing more closely together, reflecting the diversity of a new global realm fueled by financial speculation and material desire, … firstname.lastname@example.org . The Atlantic World was formed by the global turn in culture. Enjoy unlimited access to The Atlantic for less than $1 per week. They can’t leave. “I wanted to ensure that at least one volume of my work was distributed among my people so that they would have it.” In the end, he said, he was able to distribute 1,000 copies; 2,000 more were confiscated. But their suppression by the Chinese state has put the future of Uighur culture in their native land in doubt, prompting many Uighurs with means to leave. The treatment of enslaved Africans during the Atlantic slave trade became one of the most controversial topics in the history of the New World. Today, Uighurs in the diaspora are slowly rebuilding some of what has been lost in Xinjiang: Uighur restaurants, bookstores, and language schools are being opened. Such was the case for Rahima Mahmut, a London-based Uighur singer and activist from the northern town of Ghulja. Elvis Costelloâs 1979 album, Armed Forces, has been reissued at a moment when it feels more frighteningly vital and relevant than ever. None of them is under any illusions about what’s at stake if they fail. The Turkic language, like other minority languages, is banned from being taught in schools in China, though this hasn’t stopped Uighurs in the diaspora from setting up their own language schools abroad, including in France, the U.S., and Turkey. Johnny Borrell and Zazou. Culture, she thought, could play a role in raising awareness, so she began organizing Uighur cultural events known as meshrep. His study follows important articulations of the figure and how it has shifted based on historical and cultural contexts. We believe that ideas – to the good and not – have consequence. “If [future generations] are unable to visit their homeland, if they are unable to see their native soil, if they are unable to experience the culture in that place, it will be much more difficult for them,” Izgil said. The Atlantic Culture. Tahir Hamut Izgil, a Uighur poet and film director based in Washington, D.C., told me via an interpreter that this suppression of the Uighur cultural sphere dates back to at least 2012, when the Chinese government began a “reexamination” of Uighur-language publications, films, and music, many of which were blacklisted. Uighur poems, books, and magazines are being published. Cultures, after all, can’t be placed behind glass like museum artifacts; much like the people who inhabit them, cultures are meant to grow, adapt, and evolve. Culture and Books. So we have to introduce our people then; we have to protect.”. These are some of the questions that need to be answered if the impact of the arriving Africans on American society is to be fully understood. A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 explores the idea that strong linkages exist in the histories of Africa, Europe, and North and South America. Culture and Books. In Inside Story, his final novel, the comic master delights, infuriates, and secures his legacy. The Atlantic is an American magazine, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts. Ideas. The Black Avenger in Atlantic Culture by Gregory Pierrot is a free NetGalley ebook that I read in mid-July. Owing to the Uighur homeland’s place along the ancient Silk Road trade route, Uighur cuisine takes its influences from across Central Asia, incorporating dishes as seemingly disparate as hand-pulled noodles and crispy naan. “The Chinese state’s project of erasing Uighur identity and culture will not be successful,” Freeman said. The Political Imaginaries of Black Atlantic Cultural Creation “I know the mid-Atlantic slave trade fascinates me:” On Romanticizing the Black Atlantic; Distant Relatives: Antiphony and the Original Call; Jay Z’s Oceans: Cultural Production, Historical Imaginaries, and Collective Identity; Representing Bois Caïman. Overall, the volume shows the Atlantic Worldâs distinctiveness rested not on the level or persistence of colonial control but on the density and longevity of human migrations and the resulting high levels of social and cultural contact, circulation, connection, and mixing. The first has to do with the issue of homeland, and how a community can go about preserving a culture outside of one. The Atlantic slave trade between Africa and the Americas connected merchants, Portuguese colonists, convicts, and slaves in cultural and economic relationships, reconfiguring the space of the southern Atlantic. What can hunter-gatherer societies teach us about work, time, and happiness? She has avoided contacting them for fears of compromising their safety. In Nature and Culture in the Early Modern Atlantic, historian Peter C. Mancall reveals how Europeans and Native Americans thought about a natural world undergoing rapid change in the century following the historic voyages of Christopher Columbus. To date, Hendan said that she, alongside Uighur teachers as far afield as Norway, Sweden, Australia, and France, is teaching nearly 150 students worldwide. The transfer of culture and ideas across the Atlantic – from the early modern era through the age of democratic revolutions and mass migration into the twentieth centuries – is among the most significant phenomena in all global history. Though the children speak Uighur fluently at home, only two of them have been to Xinjiang, and are too young to remember it. The Atlantic Bronze Age is marked by economic and cultural exchange that led to the high degree of cultural similarity exhibited by the coastal communities from Central Portugal to Galicia, Armorica, and Scotland, including the frequent use of stones as chevaux-de-frise, the establishment of cliff castles, or the domestic architecture sometimes characterized by the roundhouses. Born to a family of musicians, Mahmut began singing from a very young age. “Uighur music and dance troupes were obligated to perform entirely in Chinese … on topics like opposing separatism, loving the motherland, loving the party, unity of the peoples,” Izgil said. Among those detained, Mahmut said, was her brother-in-law, who received a 12-year prison sentence. Toward the end of the 15th century, the Iberian Peninsula was home to one of the largest Jewish communities in the world. Etles feels like a living homage to Uighur culture. TheAtlantic.com Copyright (c) 2020 by The Atlantic Monthly Group. With its award-winning digital presence TheAtlantic.com on cities around the world, The Atlantic is a multimedia forum on the most critical issues of our times—from politics, global, and the economy, to technology, arts, and culture. Few have spoken the language from birth, and it’s safely assumed that none of them speak it exclusively. Home » Life at Virgin Atlantic » Culture. Safeguarding a culture requires more than simply maintaining a historical record of its existence. Historically, the Atlantic provinces have had a unique nautical culture associated with fishing and sailing. The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher. Few understand the exhausting task of piecing a culture back together like Devin Naar. Reserved. The Atlantic is enlarging its Culture section by bringing together three verticals under its umbrella. His quest took him as far afield as Salonica, Jerusalem, Moscow, and New York City, culminating in a book about the history of Salonica’s Sephardic Jews. Today, the couple runs two North London restaurants (the second opened in December, just months before the pandemic forced both locations to close). Iâm Really Sorry, but Letâs Talk About That Chicken Movie, The People Who Can See Inside David Fincherâs Head, How a Queer Icon Made the Holiday Film of the Year, Hollywood Is Preparing to Sacrifice Movie Theaters, Miley Cyrus Is Perfect for the Rock-and-Roll Revival, BTSâs âLife Goes Onâ Did the Impossible, Why a 41-Year-Old Record About Fascism Matters Now. email@example.com . For them to be successful, though, Mijit argues that the diaspora must be willing to move beyond simply aiming to be authentic. Since 2016, dozens of graveyards and religious sites have been destroyed. Standouts from an unprecedented year in cinema. Reports of their persecution by the Chinese state wouldn’t reach wider international audiences until later that year. Atlanta (/ æ t ˈ l æ n t ə /) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Georgia.With an estimated 2019 population of 506,811, it is also the 37th most populous city in the United States.The city serves as the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, home to more than 6 million people and the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the nation. J… For Sephardic Jews, the loss of their language means more than just the disappearance of their ancestors’ native tongue. She runs an informal language school for children ages 5 to 12, and though the pandemic forced her to pivot to online-only instruction, she said it also enabled her to reach more pupils. The Uighur language has been banned in Xinjiang schools in favor of Mandarin Chinese. Read: Uighurs can’t escape Chinese repression, even in Europe. Education. How do you protect a culture that is being wiped out? firstname.lastname@example.org . The Atlantic covers news, politics, culture, technology, health, and more, through its articles, podcasts, videos, and flagship magazine. Every day, The Atlantic and thousands of other voices read, write, and share important stories on Medium. Others, like Naar’s ancestors, made their way to the Ottoman empire. China’s repression of the Uighurs in Xinjiang has forced those in the diaspora to protect their identity from afar. “We cannot sleep at night.”. If Uighurs are unable to study their native language, practice their faith, or freely celebrate their identity in their homeland, their culture will continue to be hollowed out—perhaps beyond repair. The silence was filled by their three young children who, sitting one table over, were clamoring over schoolwork. Izgil nevertheless continues to publish his poems in Uighur online. Also gives valuable information about the transatlantic culture of reprinting and about individual printers, their migrations, and their effects on English and American print culture. We have strived to meet and exceed the stateâs recommendations and guidelines to ensure the safety of our staff and patients. No spy novel has captured Englandâor the human capacity for duplicityâlike John le CarrÃ©âs hunt for the mole. “Now most of our customers are English,” Yadikar said, adding that their menu has appealed to many within the British Muslim community, for whom halal Chinese food can often be difficult to find. Its offices are in Washington, D.C. But it has also, paradoxically, spurred its greatest growth outside the Uighur homeland. The Atlantic region is famous for its traditional music, heavily influenced by the folk traditions of Western Europe, but with a distinctive local twist. Twenty years after becoming an LGBTQ icon for her role in But Iâm a Cheerleader, the director Clea DuVall has broken records with Happiest Season, a rom-com about queer joy. Slavery was abolished in 1865 in the United States and was ended in Brazil in 1888, but has remained a key subject in politics, pop culture and media. 5 thematic, though not necessarily chronological chapters, each describing a black hero seeking vengeance in film or literature, i.e. “Every Uighur now is under very big psychological pressure,” Omer Kanat, the director of the Uyghur Human Rights Project, a Washington, D.C.–based nonprofit, told me. Culture Want to work for Virgin Atlantic? In a way, they answered the question for their parents. The Atlantic provinces had much more relevance to Canada in the past than they do today, given the size of provinces added since them. Nestled on a busy North London high street brimming with corner stores, betting shops, and cafés, Etles’s bright-blue exterior stands in marked contrast to much of its surroundings—a differentiation befitting its distinctive offerings. “Without the language as an organizing feature,” Naar said, “there is really a lot that is lost.”. It also means missing out on troves of stories, perspectives, and ways of thinking. Education. History of Europe - History of Europe - Trade and the “Atlantic revolution”: The new importance of northwestern Europe in terms of overall population and concentration of large cities reflects in part the “Atlantic revolution,” the redirection of trade routes brought about by the great geographic discoveries. Their dwindling numbers mean that few, if any, new works are being published in Ladino. It was written by Paul Gilroy and was published by Harvard University Press and Verso Books Read: Spain’s attempt to atone for a 500-year-old sin, “They didn’t speak either Greek or Turkish at home, but they spoke a language that they called Spanish,” Naar told me of his ancestors in Salonica. Sincerely the AF Team All Rights Even diners accustomed to the culinary diversity of the British capital might not expect to find dumplings, samosas, and shish kebabs on a single menu. Their burden is more than just raising awareness about what is taking place in their homeland—a task many have taken up at great cost to themselves and their families. Although raising awareness about what is happening to Uighurs in China is important, their persecution doesn’t alone tell the full story of who the Uighurs are, nor why people should care. When I asked Mahmut whether she felt she could more freely enjoy her culture outside the Uighur homeland, she said she could never be truly free while speaking out against abuses by the Chinese government: Of her immediate family, she is the only one who managed to leave Xinjiang, along with her then-husband and son. That does not exist.”, Uighurs, by contrast, do have a homeland, albeit a rarely autonomous one. The famously meticulous Mank director is surrounded by collaborators tasked with turning his most ambitious ideas into reality. âIâm Not Lamenting the Existence of Marvelâ. None of this is to say that Uighur culture is no longer under threat. At Etles, however, these dishes are only a representative sample of what makes Uighur cooking unique. The show treats domestic violence like a striptease. One of his great uncles had a stack of letters dating as far back as 1935, all written in Ladino, a language Naar would ultimately learn in order to decode them. As chefs, poets, singers, filmmakers, language teachers, and musicians, each of them is contributing to this work in different ways. Still, some lessons can be gleaned from their shared challenges. ), Yet not everyone in the Uighur diaspora has been supportive of Mijit’s efforts, she told me. Hundreds of prominent Uighur cultural figures including singers, musicians, novelists, scholars, and academics have been detained, imprisoned, or have disappeared since 2017, according to the Uyghur Human Rights Project. Even works of escapism are reckoning with waning national myths. Although the former had to maintain their traditions within their families, in many cases secretly, the latter have been able to utilize modern tools such as the internet to keep their culture alive. Read writing about Culture in The Atlantic. Mahmut’s decision to leave Ghulja came decades before Beijing’s internment of Uighurs. When I asked Yadikar and Rahman about the role they see themselves playing in protecting Uighur culture, they paused for several seconds. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness is a 1993 history book about a distinct black Atlantic culture that incorporated elements from African, American, British, and Caribbean cultures. “From the restaurant, we can introduce our people, our culture, and our traditions,” Yadikar said. Though there have been some recent efforts to preserve the language, including Spain’s 2018 decision to recognize Ladino as a Spanish language and to establish a new Ladino academy in Israel, it is still widely considered to be at risk of extinction. “People are so stressed about preserving that they forget that this thing that they want to preserve is something alive. Beijing frames these moves as its way of rooting out terrorism, separatism, and religious extremism. Science, Technology, and Health. The situation facing Sephardic Jews is undoubtedly different from that facing the Uighurs today. The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher. email@example.com. firstname.lastname@example.org . “Naturally, it became a part of me.”. From humble beginnings with a very small team and one 747 flying just one route, Virgin Atlantic now has a global network and employs thousands of wonderful people the world over. Former New England Patriots tight end Martellus Bennett believes there arenât enough Black characters in childrenâs literatureâand he wants to change that. The Atlantic is always interested in great nonfiction, fiction, and poetry. But the aim of China’s actions in Xinjiang is clear: to homogenize Uighurs into the country’s Han Chinese majority, even if that means erasing their cultural and religious identity for good. What cultural baggage did they bring with them and how did it affect the societies they helped to establish in the New World? A traditional meshrep has a structured hierarchy, including a master of ceremony, and serves as a forum for the community to mediate conflicts and impart important customs and traditions. “There is no country in the world that speaks on behalf of Sephardic Jews as Sephardic Jews,” Naar said. This concern has been raised beyond France. Fiction And Poetry. Joshua Freeman, a historian of China and Inner Asia at Princeton and a translator of Uighur poetry into English who spent seven years living in Ürümqi, told me that he observed this kind of cultural hybridity occur in real time. As many as hundreds of thousands of expelled Sephardic Jews (deriving from the Hebrew word for Spain, Sepharad) sought exile in places such as Portugal (which not long after delivered a similarly stark demand), Italy, and the Netherlands. Formerly a monthly publication, it now releases 10 issues a year and maintains an online site. Since their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula, they have carried with them a distinctive diasporic identity. By representing their culture beyond the prism of its repression, Uighurs in the diaspora are giving the world a better understanding of not only who they are, but what it stands to lose should the culture be allowed to disappear. The targeting of the Uighurs isn’t limited to the camps. email@example.com . An argument could be made that these things shouldn’t be mutually exclusive. firstname.lastname@example.org . The Atlantic Arc Commission working groups are set up on the basis of challenges and opportunities related to specific features of the Atlantic area, hence the importance of issues such as fisheries, transport or renewable marine energies. Jane Kim, existing senior editor of Culture, is overseeing the expansion. Dozens were killed and thousands were arrested. 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