where do giant anteaters live

In South America, they are hunted for their meat and for trophies. [50], In the mythology and folklore of the indigenous peoples of the Amazon Basin, the giant anteater is depicted as a trickster foil to the jaguar, as well as a humorous figure due to its long snout. "A note on the climbing abilities of giant anteaters, "New morphological and genetic data of Gigantorhynchus echinodiscus (Diesing, 1851) (Acanthocephala: Archiacanthocephala) in the giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae)", "Morphological and molecular descriptions of, "Giant anteaters kill two hunters in Brazil", "Argentine zookeeper dies after anteater attack", "Young woman dies after attack by anteater", The Online Anteater: information, images, fun facts, and other stuff about the giant anteater, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giant_anteater&oldid=989372017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Argentina: Formosa Province, Chaco Province, Misiones Province and Salta Province. [19] Conversely, anteaters at Emas National Park eat mainly termites, which occur in high density on the grasslands. Giant anteaters, as the name suggests, are the world’s biggest anteater species. Its eyes and ears are relatively small. Doing this allows the giant anteater to keep its claws out of the way while walking. On colder days, they start and end periods of activity earlier, shifting them into daylight hours, and may become diurnal. The giant anteater is the biggest of its family, 182 to 217 cm (5.97 to 7.12 ft) in length, with weights of 33 to 50 kg (73 to 110 lb) for males and 27 to 47 kg (60 to 104 lb) for females. [37] Individuals mostly live alone, except for females that nurse their young and males courting females. Following the formation of the Isthmus of Panama about 3 Mya, anteaters of all three extant genera invaded Central America as part of the Great American Interchange. As their name suggests, they eat ants and termites. [14] Some termite species rely on their fortified mounds for protection and many individuals escape while the predator digs. [19] Xenarthrans in general tend to have lower metabolic rates than most other mammals, a trend thought to correlate with their dietary specializations and low mobility.[25]. [9], The giant anteater can be identified by its large size, elongated muzzle, and long bushy tail. Anteaters from Venezuela have been recorded living in home ranges as large as 25 km2 (6,200 acres). It is also important to mention the other causes that threaten the survival of this species: The anteater is a harmless animal. Giant anteaters can be found throughout South and Central America, though their numbers have diminished considerably from the latter. [13], The giant anteater is the most terrestrial of the living anteater species. Some populations are stable and the animal is found in various protected areas in the Amazon, Pantanal and the Cerrado. It is typically 60 cm (24 in)[5] long and is triangular posteriorly, rounded anteriorly, and ends in a small, rounded tip. Habitat and Distribution, Where do Leopards Live? The animal sleeps curled up with its bushy tail folded over its body. The anteater's narrow tongue is about 2 feet (60 centimete… In a Yarabara myth, the evil ogre Ucara is transformed into one by the sun. At first, Europeans believed all anteaters were female and mated with their noses, a misconception corrected by naturalist Félix de Azara. Its ancestors may originally have been adapted to arboreal life;[10] the transition to life on the ground could have been aided by the expansion of open habitats such as savanna in South America and the availability there of colonial insects, such as termites, that provided a larger potential food source. The mother carries its dependent pup on its back. A stiff mane stretches along the back. The tube-like rostrum and small mouth opening restrict the tongue to protrusion-retraction movements. Their native habitat is Central and South America. Click to attach a photo related to your comment, Where Do Giraffes Live? Discover Giant Anteaters of Serra da Canastra in São Roque de Minas, Brazil: This breathtaking national park is one of the best places to see the weird and wonderful giant anteater in … [8] It is largely absent from the Andes[5] and has been extirpated in Uruguay. Phylogenetic tree of the living Xenarthra. In combat, they slash at each other with their claws and wrestle each other to the ground. The giant anteater is grouped with the semiarboreal northern and southern tamanduas in the family Myrmecophagidae. Grasslands and deciduous forest 2. Four toes on the front feet have claws, which are particularly elongated on the second and third digits. [8], The fossil record for anteaters is generally sparse. While giant anteaters are not currently endangered, they have lost much of their population due to hunting and the destruction of their habitat. Though giant anteaters live in overlapping home ranges, they are mostly solitary except during mother-offspring relationships, aggressive interactions between males, and when mating. You can find this kind of animals in both tropical forests and savannas, although it is also commonly found in open grasslands, marshes and forests. [52], During the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the giant anteater was one of many native fauna taken to Europe for display. [5] Myrmecophaga jubata was used as a synonym. [45] Females give birth standing upright. Released during the Phoney War, the film may have alluded to France's Maginot Line. In Central and South America they live in grasslands and rainforests. It serves to keep them warm and to camouflage them from predators. For this reason, most pet owners purchase young, hand-raised baby anteaters, whose parents have adapted to humans. [38], Although they are shy and typically attempt to avoid humans, giant anteaters can inflict severe wounds with their front claws and have been known to seriously injure or kill humans who corner and threaten them. [48] In April 2007, an anteater at the Florencio Varela Zoo mauled and killed a zookeeper with its front claws. [2] In 1994, some 340 giant anteaters died due to wildfires at Emas National Park in Brazil. [33] Between 2000 and 2010, the total population declined by 30%. Anteaters walk on It is captured to be exhibited in zoos and circuses, Its meat is consumed by the native population, It has a low reproduction rate, as females only give birth to 1 pup per year, It is very vulnerable to humans, and can be run over in roads, It is sometimes attacked by other animals. [10] Protamandua was larger than the silky anteater, but smaller than a tamandua, while Neotamandua was larger, falling somewhere between a tamandua and a giant anteater. They range from the silky anteater (Cyclopes didactylus), which is of similar size to a squirrel, to the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) which, as its name suggests, is very large in size. [55] An anteater is also a recurring character in the comic strip B.C.. [32] Giant anteaters are killed for safety reasons, due to their reputation as dangerous animals. Its distribution range covers a large area from Honduras to northern Argentina. [37] While mating, the female lies on her side as the male crouches over her. Range and Distribution The giant armadillo lives in the tropical forests of northeastern South America, extending approximately from Venezuela to northern Argentina. The giant anteater has no teeth and is capable of only very limited jaw movement. [32] It is officially protected in some Argentine provinces as a national heritage species. [37] Nocturnality in anteaters may be a response to human disturbances. The animal's thick, leathery hide is used to make equestrian equipment in the Chaco. The tongue can reach up to 45 cm (18 in), longer than the length of the skull, and move in and out around 160 times per minute (nearly three times per second). The mother grooms her offspring during rest periods lasting up to an hour. Males weigh 33 to 50 kg (73 to 110 lb) and females weigh 27 to 47 kg (60 to 104 lb),[5][15][16] making the giant anteater the biggest extant species in its suborder. The head of the giant anteater, at 30 cm (12 in) long,[17] is particularly elongated, even when compared to other anteaters. One anteater was recorded sleeping with its tail stretched out on a sunny morning with an ambient temperature of 17 °C (63 °F); possibly it was positioned this way to allow its body to absorb the sun's rays for warmth. This species is mostly terrestrial, in contrast to other living anteaters and sloths, which are arborealor semiarboreal. [28][29][20] The long sternoglossus muscle, which is formed by the fusion of the sternohyoid and the hyoglossus, is directly anchored to the sternum. It is recognizable by its elongated snout, bushy tail, long fore claws, and distinctively colored pelage. Habitat and Distribution. If it feels threatened it will defend itself with its powerful claws and all its weight, therefore resulting in a very dangerous animal. At Serra da Canastra National Park in Brazil, female anteaters have home ranges around 3.67 km2 (910 acres), while males live in home ranges of 2.74 km2 (680 acres). We provide salaries, training, and expertise for biologists and veterinarians working with wild giant anteaters in Brazil. August 31, 2017 August 30, 2017 admintag The life span of all anteaters, except tamandua, is, on average, 15 years. Anteaters communicate their presence, status, and sexual condition with secretions from their anal glands. Today you can find anteaters in the following geographical areas: In some of these countries its presence has been reported in national parks, whereas in other American countries anteaters are considered to have completely disappeared. [51] The Kayapo people wear masks of various animals and spirits, including the anteater, during naming and initiation ceremonies. [40] They are also able to climb and have been recorded ascending both termite mounds and trees while foraging. Anteaters and sloths diverged around 55 Mya, between the Paleocene and Eocene epochs. 25 km2home range Giant anteaters have bushy tails that they use to cover themselves up with at night. [35] Giant anteaters can be either diurnal or nocturnal. In areas that experience seasonal flooding, like the grassy plains of the Venezuelan-Colombian Llanos, anteaters mainly feed on ants, because termites are less available. Anteaters may target termite mounds with bee hives. It relies on the rotation of the two halves of its lower jaw, held together by a ligament at the tip,[18] to open and close its mouth. They use their long and sticky tongue to catch prey. Habitat and Distribution. The coat is mostly greyish, brown or black and salted with white. [19], Pups are born with eyes closed and begin to open them after six days. The giant anteater is listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. [5] It has poor eyesight,[14] but its sense of smell is 40 times more sensitive than that of humans. [22], The giant anteater has broad ribs. In addition, they are food for other larger carnivores. Giant anteaters live in Central and South America. Grooming peaks during the first three months and declines as the young reaches nine months of age, ending by ten months. The giant anteater got its binomial name from Carl Linnaeus in 1758. The coat hairs are long, especially on the tail, which makes the tail look larger than it actually is. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Here you can learn all about the dietary habits of the anteater. [36] Diurnal giant anteaters have been observed at Serra da Canastra. There are four different species of anteaters, varying in size. They only rarely venture into the andes mountain range though. Anteaters are essential in maintaining insect populations. These animals are perfectly designed to feed on ants, which is great, because ants are a very reliable food source. They also advertise their presence to other individuals though tree markings and urine. [9] Known fossils include the Pliocene genus Palaeomyrmidon, a close relative to the silky anteater, Protamandua, the sister taxon to the clade that includes the giant anteater and the tamanduas from the Miocene, and Neotamandua, a sister taxon to Myrmecophaga. [19], Females appear to be more tolerant of females than males are of males, leading to greater overlap in female home ranges. A 2007 study of giant anteaters in the Brazilian Pantanal found the animals generally forage in open areas and rest in forested areas, possibly because forests are warmer than grasslands on cold days and cooler on hot days. Where Does The Giant Anteater Live? [5][20] The bold pattern was thought to be disruptive camouflage, but a 2009 study suggests it is warning coloration. [43] At Serra da Canastra, anteaters switch between eating mainly ants during the wet season (October to March) and termites during the dry season (May to September). They tend to be found in tropical moist forest, dry forest, savannas and open grasslands. In contrast, the collared anteaters have long, slender tails, which probably Giant anteaters are the largest species of anteater. The forelimbs are white, with black bands around the wrists, while the hindlimbs are dark. [22] The giant anteater cannot produce stomach acid of its own, but uses the formic acid of its prey for digestion. Together with the sloths, they are within the order Pilosa. [32], The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN, due to the number of regional extirpations,[2] and under Appendix II by CITES, tightly restricting trade in specimens of the animal. Some very small anteaters live and feed up in trees, moving from one branch to another. The population of these species can be found throughout central and south America. It is important to mention this, because, owing to the characteristics of their preferred habitats, it is not impossible to encounter them at some point. Its generic name, Myrmecophaga, and specific name, tridactyla, are both Greek, meaning "anteater" and "three fingers", respectively. [6], Anteaters and sloths belong to order Pilosa and share superorder Xenarthra with the Cingulata (whose only extant members are armadillos). During feeding, the animal relies on the orientation of its head for aim. [5] Fighting anteaters may emit roars or bellows. The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), sometimes called the ant bear, is the largest member of the anteater family and is best known in the tropical grasslands (Llanos) of Venezuela, where it … In 1976 they can also consume eggs and fruits - habitat and Distribution, Where Do live. 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